Exporting goods from Canada: A handy guide goos canada

Exporting goods from Canada: A handy guide

This guide (previously called "Step-by-Step Guide to Exporting Commercial Goods from Canada") provides an overview of the process for businesses exporting commercial goods from Canada, with a focus on the exporter's reporting obligations.  The guide is intended to complement, not replace, existing legislation, regulations, and references detailed in Memoranda Series D1 to D22.

Note: Exporters looking for a comprehensive reference guide, which addresses a broader scope of export-related subjects, should read the Step-by-Step Guide to Exporting. Developed by The Canadian Trade Commissioner Service (TCS), the Step-by-Step Guide to Exporting is a reference tool for Canadian businesses currently active or interested in exploring business opportunities in international markets.

A Step-by-Step Guide to Importing Commercial Goods into Canada is also available.

As an exporter, you have to report your goods

Goods being exported from Canada are required by the Customs Act to be reported. The three main objectives of export reporting are to:

Canada has a responsibility to ensure that goods entering the international market from this country do not pose a security threat to other countries.

The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) export program:

Who is the exporter?

The exporter is the party responsible for causing the goods to be exported and the holder of the business number (BN). The identities and the responsibilities of parties involved in the sale/purchase/export transaction should clearly be identified. This should not be confused with the carriers, customs service providers, or other parties involved in the transportation arrangements.

The exporter, who can be a non-resident, is responsible for completing the export declaration and submitting it to the CBSA.  The exporter may delegate this to a third party such as a customs service provider.  When a third party prepares the export declaration on the exporter's behalf, the exporter of record (whose name and BN are on the export declaration) remains liable for ensuring that true and accurate information is provided to the CBSA within the required time frames.

Any penalties resulting from submitting an incomplete, inaccurate, or late export declaration will be assessed against the owner of the BN, listed as the exporter of record.

For more information, refer to the Reporting of Exported Goods Regulations and the "Who Must Report Goods for Export?" section of Memorandum D20-1-1, Export Reporting.

Exporting your goods

Preparing to export

Obtain a Business Number

Before exporting commercial goods from Canada, as a business or an individual, you will need to obtain a business number (BN) issued by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) for an import/export account. This account is free of charge and can usually be set-up in a matter of minutes.

To register for a BN or add an import/export RM account identifier to an existing BN:

  • Call the CRA's Business Window at 1-800-959-5525
  • Visit the CRA's Business Registration Online (BRO)

Identify the goods you want to export

You must provide true and accurate information and a complete description of the goods you plan to export before proceeding. An accurate description will assist in determining if your goods are restricted (i.e. regulated, controlled, or prohibited) and/or if a permit or license is required.

Determine the country of origin for the goods you are exporting

The origin of goods to be exported can affect permit requirements. For example:

  • An Individual Export Permit is required for United States origin goods exported to certain countries and countries on the Area Control List.   For a list of these countries, please consult the Global Affairs Canada Web site.
  • A General Export Permit is required to export United States origin goods with a value of CAN$2,000 or more to all other destinations.
  • A permit is not required to export United States origin goods back to the United States.

Refer to Memoranda Series D11, General Tariff Information for additional information on origin.

Ensure the goods are permitted to be exported from Canada

Certain goods cannot be exported from Canada. A few examples include:

  • Drugs and narcotics controlled under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (refer to section 6).
  • Black bear claws, gall bladder and paws. Learn more from the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species and Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
  • Counterfeit money. Please see the Criminal Code of Canada, section 460, Advertising and Trafficking in Counterfeit Money or Counterfeit Tokens of Value.

More information about export controls can be found on the Global Affairs Canada Web site.

Determine whether the goods you intend to export are subject to any permits, restrictions or regulations by the CBSA or other government departments

The CBSA is responsible for administering certain export requirements on behalf of other government departments. Permits, certificates or licenses may be required when exporting certain goods from Canada. The CBSA's Other Government Department and Agencies: Reference List for Exporters can help you identify the appropriate department or agency for permit enquiries, if applicable.

It is the exporter's responsibility to ensure that the goods meet all requirements under the law. Failure to do so could result in fines, detention and/or seizure of the goods by the CBSA.

A list of other government department requirements can be found in Memoranda Series D19, Acts and Regulations of Other Government Departments.

Ensure that the goods you are exporting are allowed entry into the destination country

It is in your best interest to verify that your goods meet the import requirements of the receiving country. For information about the requirements of other countries, refer to:

  • The World Customs Organization; or,
  • The embassy or consulate (in Canada) of the country to which you will be exporting.

You can also have the importer of your goods contact their local government to ensure the goods comply with their import regulations.

Determining if you need an export declaration

Determine whether or not the goods need to be declared on an export declaration

Certain goods are not required to be reported on an export declaration. The exempted goods are listed in sections 6 and 7 of the Reporting of Exported Goods Regulations and are further explained in Memorandum D20-1-1, Export Reporting.

If your export matches one of the exemptions on the list, advise your carrier and indicate "No Declaration Required" (or "NDR") with the proper explanation or corresponding numerical code on the transport documentation (cargo control document, manifest, bill of lading, etc.).

Exporting Goods From Canada: Documentation Requirements for Exporters
Type of Goods United States Destinations (includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands) All Other Destinations (includes goods moving through the United States to foreign destinations)
*Additional exemptions may apply. Refer to Memorandum D20-1-1, Export Reporting.
Restricted Goods
(i.e., regulated, controlled, or prohibited goods - regardless of value).

Permit, certificate, or license required by other government departments (if applicable)

Export declaration is not required

Permit, certificate, or license required by other government departments (if applicable)

Export declaration is required

Non-Restricted Goods
(i.e., goods that do not require a permit under any Act of Parliament)
Export declaration is not required

Export declaration is required (for commercial goods valued at CAN$2,000 or more*)

If you use the Canadian Automated Export Declaration (CAED) electronic method of reporting and the goods you are exporting are restricted, you must present a paper copy of your export declaration, together with the accompanying permit, certificate, or license to the CBSA bagzzrfx. Canada Goose Nyc at the Designated Export Office that is indicated on the permit. If no office is indicated, at the office that is located nearest to the place of export.

Even if you are exporting restricted goods to the U.S. that are exempt from export reporting requirements, you are still required to present your permit, certificate, or license to the CBSA at the Designated Export Office located nearest to the place of export.

Goods transiting through the U.S. to a subsequent international destination must be reported on an export declaration. Because the ultimate destination of the goods is a country other than the U.S., they must be reported if their value is CAN$2,000 or more, or any value if the goods are restricted. In addition, any goods entering the U.S. on a transportation and exportation entry (T & E) bond (i.e. in transit) require an export declaration.

Classifying your exports

If you require an export declaration, determine the appropriate export classification code

Once you have determined that the goods may be exported and that you need to submit an export declaration, you must classify the goods. Depending on your method of reporting, either the Statistics Canada eight-digit Canadian Export Classification number or the ten-digit Canadian Tariff Classification number may be used.

If you are using CAED to submit your declaration, you must use the eight-digit Canadian Export Classification number. The Canadian Export Classification number is based on an international six-digit 'root' with an additional two digits for Canadian domestic purposes for a total of eight digits.

To obtain the eight-digit Canadian Export Classification number:

  • Consult Canadian Export Classification on Statistics Canada's website.

To obtain the ten-digit Tariff Classification Number:

  • Consult the Customs Tariff.

For more information on the methodology for classifying goods according to the Customs Tariff, refer to Memorandum  D10-13-1, Classification of Goods.

Shipping and reporting your goods

Determine your method of shipping and identify the reporting time frame for that method

If you are required to report your export to the CBSA, you must do so prior to export and according to specific timeframes depending on the mode of transportation used to export the goods from Canada. The minimum timeframe for reporting:

  • Air – two hours before goods are loaded;
  • Highway – prior to export;
  • Marine – forty-eight hours before goods are loaded;
  • Mail – two hours before goods are brought to the post office; and
  • Rail – two hours before goods are loaded.

Determine where to report your goods

Non-Restricted Goods are to be reported at a Designated Export Office located inland or at the border. However, for Restricted Goods, you must present any export permit, license or certificate and the export declaration (if required), at the place of exit specified on the permit, license or certificate, before the goods are exported.

If the permit, license or certificate does not name a place of exit, you must present the permit, license or certificate and the export declaration (if required) to the designated export office located closest to the place of exit.

Submit an export declaration if required

If you are required to report your exports, you must submit an export declaration by using one of the following methods:

Canadian Automated Export Declaration (CAED): An electronic method of reporting exports, which allows you or your agent to quickly prepare your export declarations and transmit the information directly to the Government of Canada before exportation. This service is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

G7 Electronic Export Declaration Process: This process allows exporters or their agents to file their export declaration using Electronic Data Interchange (EDI).

Summary Reporting: This method is reserved for approved exporters of low-risk bulk or homogenous goods who export on a regular basis and have met specific CBSA requirements. It enables you or your agent to summarize required export data, which can be submitted on a monthly basis in writing, after the goods have left Canada. Goods that are controlled, prohibited, or regulated may only be reported via Summary Reporting program (SRP) if the exporter has obtained and provided the CBSA with:

  • Permission to report the restricted goods via SRP from the other government department that controls the goods; and,
  •  All required export permits.

B13A, Export Declaration:  When the use of CAED or G7 EDI is neither feasible nor practical, the exporter can use the Form B13A, Export Declaration. The export declaration must be submitted to a designated export reporting office. If the goods are restricted, the exporter must submit the form to the Designated Export Office which is indicated on the permit or, if no office is indicated, to the office that is closest to the place of exit where the goods will leave Canada.

Present proof of export if required

In some cases the CBSA requires exporters to produce proof of export that the goods have been exported or have been destroyed. For example, this would apply to goods that were initially imported into Canada under a temporary importation agreement such as a Temporary Admission Permit (form E29B) or the ATA Carnet program.

Your goods may be examined before export

Government officials may examine your shipment to ensure compliance with CBSA requirements or other government department regulations. This examination is conducted without charge; however, if there is a need to hire a transport company to move or handle your goods, you may receive an invoice from that company for their services.

After your goods are exported

Provide a Certificate of Origin to the receiver of the goods if requested

An importer in the foreign country to which you are exporting goods may be entitled to claim a preferential tariff treatment and pay a lower duty rate if they have a valid certificate of origin (e.g. NAFTA Certificate of Origin). The certificate of origin is a signed declaration from the manufacturer of the goods that the goods are of Canadian origin and meet the requirements of a free trade agreement. You, as the exporter, must forward a copy of the certificate of origin to the importer and retain a copy for your records.

For more information on certificates of origin, refer to Memorandum D11-4-14, Certificate of Origin.

Procedures to follow if you need to cancel or amend an export declaration

You may have to cancel a shipment or modify information about a shipment you already reported. If so, you must submit an amended declaration to a designated export office clearly identifying the changes.

There are different procedures depending on the original reporting method:

  • CAED or G7 EDI Export Reporting – use the amend feature in the program to submit an amended declaration;
  • Summary Reporting – notify Statistics Canada; and
  • Form B13A – submit an amended Export Declaration to the designated export reporting office where you presented your original export document.

Voluntary disclosures

The voluntary disclosure process encourages clients like yourself to come forward voluntarily to inform the CBSA of any past errors or omissions and make corrections in order to comply with their legal obligations.  By offering this opportunity to self-correct, you are afforded a greater level of fairness and it may result in penalties being waived.

For further information on Voluntary Disclosure, refer to Memorandum D11-6-4, Relief of Interest and/or Penalties Including Voluntary Disclosure.

Keep all records pertaining to the export for six years

You must keep all records pertaining to your exportations for six years following the exportation of good(s) in either electronic or paper format. For more information on the keeping of books and records pertaining to exports please consult Memorandum D20-1-5, Maintenance of Records and Books in Canada by Exporters and Producers.

Make sure you comply with all legislative and regulatory requirements

As an exporter, it is in your best interest to be as accurate and as thorough as possible in your export reporting. Proactively seeking guidance from federal departments that control and regulate exports will help you to understand the requirements and could help avoid costly delays at the time of export.

When the CBSA has reasonable grounds to believe that Canada's export laws have been contravened, enforcement actions may be taken, including monetary penalties, the seizure of the goods as forfeit, and the laying of criminal charges.

The CBSA is committed to working with all its clients to ensure compliance with export legislation and to facilitate exports.

Additional resources

Memorandum D20-1-1, Exporter Reporting

Designated commercial offices provide 24-hour service, seven days a week, for the reporting and clearing of commercial goods.

Please note that a Step-by-Step Guide to Importing Commercial Goods into Canada is also available.

For information on other federal departments and agencies involved in the commercial exporting process, visit the CBSA's Other Government Departments and Agencies: Reference List for Exporters or visit the Canada website or call 1-800-O-Canada (1-800-622-6232).

If you have any questions related to the CBSA's requirements for exporting, feel free to contact the Border Information Service (BIS).

Date modified:

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Habits of canadian geese?

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aristotle
Best Answer:  The male and female stay together all their life,it is one of their most natural habits. If one should disappear the living Canada Goose generally finds another mate. Another interesting characteristic is that the family stays together for one year after the goslings are born. However, upon return to the breeding territory the goslings will leave the parents to fend for themselves. They will then fight for a mate and like the parents be with that mate for life.
The Canada goose (Branta canadensis) is one of the largest members of the Anatidae (waterfowl) family. Canada geese have a large degree of variation in size, travel habits, and location. The subspecies most recognized as a resident in Indiana is the Maxima or “giant” Canada goose (Branta canadensis maxima). However, seven subspecies of greater Canada geese exist in North America ranging in weight from approximately 3 to 24 pounds. Several different subspecies of Canada geese migrate through Indiana each spring and fall. However, the vast majority of the birds that stay in Indiana (resident geese) are the giant Canada geese.

All Canada geese have similar physical traits despite size variation. Adult Canada geese have grayish brown wings, backs, sides and breasts; black tails, feet, legs, bills, and heads; and long black necks with distinctive white cheek patches that usually cover part of the throat. Males tend to be bigger than females though the two sexes’ physical traits are identical. Goslings, young geese, are a light yellow color with greenish-gray heads when hatched. As they mature, they become darker until they resemble the adults. Goslings attain complete adult plumage three to four months after hatching.

The average life span of a Canada goose is 10-25 years. There are reports of geese living to be 30 plus years of age in the wild and an isolated case of a Canada goose living over age 40 in captivity.

Nesting And Breeding Behavior
Adult Canada geese begin “pairing up” for nesting at three years of age though a few individuals begin this process at age two. Pairs usually stay together for life. If one member of a pair dies, the other goose usually finds another mate within the same breeding season. In Indiana, resident Canada geese begin “pairing up” for nesting in mid to late February. Nesting activities begin from mid March through late April.

Once nesting has begun, the male and female will both defend the nest. The female lays eggs approximately every 1.5 days. Once the eggs are laid, the incubation process begins. The eggs are incubated in the nest for 28 days. The average clutch size is 5 eggs though variance from 2-12 eggs is possible. The nest size is variable and can range from 12-40” in diameter. The nest is usually constructed in a bowl shape of grass materials and feathers from the female’s breast. All of the eggs are hatched at the same time so that the adults can lead the goslings away from the nest. If the nest is destroyed, the pair will generally begin re-nesting at or very near the original nesting site. Canada geese have a greater tendency to re-nest if the original nest is destroyed earlier in the nesting cycle.

Both adults, especially the male, vigorously defend their broods for approximately 10-12 weeks after the goslings hatch from the eggs. This defense behavior diminishes as the goslings grow older and are capable of flight. It is common to see several broods of goslings together, termed gang broods, during this timeframe. Gang broods may range from 20 to 100 goslings following just a few adults. Gang broods are more common in areas of high nest density. This activity is observed in urban and suburban areas frequently.

Canada goose nest site selection can be variable and highly adaptive though the nest is nearly always within 150’ of water. Some ideal nesting sites for Canada geese include: islands on bodies of water; muskrat houses; artificial nesting structures; along distances of shoreline (usually with some form of vegetation or structure immediately adjacent to the nest); at the base of mature trees; under shrubs; in thick aquatic vegetation such as cattails; in flower boxes and landscaping structure in urban and suburban areas; and in doorways or near structures in urban areas, i.e. anywhere that would provide them concealment.

Feeding
Canada geese are grazers, chiefly vegetarian though fish or insect matter is reported in trace amounts as part of a Canada goose’s diet, and consume many types of grains, grasses, seeds, sedges and other aquatic vegetation, legumes, succulents and their vegetative structures. Canada geese can often be seen in waste grain areas, i.e. corn, wheat, soybean fields, feeding in mornings and late afternoons. They may graze in fields of wheat in the winter but grazing at this time does not cause yield loss. In the summer months when waste grains are not available, Canada geese feed on aquatic vegetation, succulents, forbs, and grasses. Often lawn grass is preferred by Canada geese in urban environments. Canada geese choose to feed in areas that are relatively open so that they can see potential predators and other dangers.

Molting
All birds go through a molting period each year to replace damaged, lost, or deteriorated feathers. Waterfowl go through a second molt each year. During the second molt, waterfowl go through a complete molt and replace all flight feathers. Adult Canada geese undergo this complete molt during the summer months. This typically takes place in late June and early July in Indiana. This complete molt usually takes about one month for each individual bird. Non-breeding yearlings, adults that don’t nest, and adults whose nests have been destroyed are usually the first to molt. Adults with young will molt at the brood rearing area shortly after the non-breeding geese initiate their molt.

Canada geese select open areas near water and a food source to molt. This allows the geese to walk or swim everywhere that they need to during their flightless period. Essentially, they put themselves within walking distance of food and have an unobstructed view to avoid predation and other dangers. Farm ponds and pasture fields serve as excellent locations to Canada geese during this phase of their lives. In urban areas, mown lawns, parks, and golf courses suit their habitat requirements.

This molting period is a critical time frame in many nuisance goose management schemes. If timed properly, all Canada geese at any specific location are flightless. This flightless period makes the geese much more susceptible to capture.

Migration
Canada geese are well recognized for their large V-shaped flocks as they migrate south in the fall and north in the spring. However, the giant Canada goose subspecies doesn’t migrate or migrates only short distances across a state or to a neighboring state. The smaller sub-species of the Canada goose, usually of a more northern orientation, as well as Cackling geese often migrate greater distances. Beginning in the northern provinces of Canada and ending in the southern United States, Gulf of Mexico, and extreme northern Mexico only to return back to their starting point in the spring. However, most resident Canada geese in Indiana migrate only when weather conditions force them to move south for food and open or available water. Nonetheless, migratory Canada geese generally pass through Indiana each spring and fall as the weather changes. Generally speaking, the migratory Canada goose population, though varied, is substantially lower and of elevated concern compared to many populations of the giant Canada goose found throughout much of the central United States. This differentiation in migratory Canada geese and resident Canada geese coupled with the different subspecies similarities makes management of Canada goose populations very difficult. Often it is the resident Canada geese that create nuisance situations during the nesting and brood rearing season in Indiana. However, large flocks of migratory Canada geese can be of occasional concern. This happens when large sums of migratory geese arrive at a specific site to rest over on their journey, often decimating vegetation at the location where they stopped.

Mortality
Mortality of Canada geese decreases drastically after the birds reach adulthood. The survival rate of first year resident geese is variable. It is known that survival rates of first year resident geese are substantially lower than that of adult geese. Survival rates of adult resident Canada geese within Indiana is greater than 90 percent. Meanwhile, survival rates of migratory geese range from 70-90 percent through Indiana’s range. Many factors contribute to mortality of Canada geese including predation, hunting, disease or illness, as well as natural causes. In urban areas, low predator rates and lack of hunting opportunities may artificially inflate the number of first year resident geese that survive to adulthood.

Population
The Canada goose population in Indiana has grown substantially over the last decade. The current population estimate of resident Canada geese in Indiana is approximately 80,000. This does not include the migratory geese which pass through Indiana each spring and fall. This population estimate simply represents the number of Canada geese in the breeding population in Indiana. Current trends in nuisance goose complaints, especially in urban areas, suggest that the actual figure may be higher than breeding estimates indicate. Data is incomplete at this time concerning the success rate of nesting for resident Canada geese in Indiana, especially in urban environments. Nonetheless, it is widely accepted that lower predation rates and lack of hunting opportunities may contribute to the species rapid population growth in urban areas.
Source(s): http://www.goose-hunting-tips.com/canada...
http://www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/hunt/gees...
http://picturethis.pnl.gov/picturet.nsf/...
http://www.american.edu/TED/geese.htm
http://pick4.pick.uga.edu/mp/20q?search=Branta+canadensis&guide=Birds
http://www.hww.ca/hww2.asp?id=35
http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9019912
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada_Goose
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