Canada Goose files for public offering on Toronto and New York exchanges - NEWS 1130 Canada Goose New York

Canada Goose New York

canada goose winkel
Canada Goose Mænd
Canada Goose Ontario Parka
giacche canadese
mens kanada goose takki

New York aims to euthanize 165,000 Canada geese

Bill Keay/Vancouver Sun

The State of New York is planning to kill off 165,000 Canada geese after they were blamed for the crash of US Airways Flight 1549 in the Hudson River. The iconic birds are also notoriously big poopers.

Nearly 400 geese were

apparently gassed

with lethal doses of carbon dioxide after being rounded up in Brooklyn’s Prospect Park earlier this month. However, a

nine-page report

dug up by the New York Times’

City Room blog

shows that national, state and city agencies have a much bigger goal. They want to eliminate two-thirds of the Canada geese population in New York, which would reduce their numbers from 250,000 to the state’s population goal of 85,000.

“It is unknown how many have been killed so far,” City Room said.

New York City has an estimated 20,000 to 25,000 of the birds, roughly five times the amount “most people would find socially acceptable,” the report said.

“The population of resident Canada geese needs to be reduced in metropolitan New York City to protect aviation safety, water supplies from fecal contamination, public and private property from damage to turf and ornamental planting, loss of land use due to

excessive fecal droppings

, and against unintended consequences of hazing programs.”

More than 100 Canada geese were recently served in Oregon food banks after being asphyxiated with carbon dioxide in retaliation for messing up a city park.

While all 155 passengers and crew (including

hero pilot Sully Sullenberger

) survived the emergency landing of Flight 1549 in January 2009, the US$60-million aircraft was destroyed. In the past decade, there have been 78 reported Canada goose strikes with aircraft in New York, causing more than US$2.2-million in damage, the report said.

It noted that the geese are most likely to be herded into capture pens or covered with a 40 x 60 foot net. They are then placed alive into commercial turkey crates.

”The geese would be brought to a secure location and euthanized with methods approved by the American Veterinary Medical Association. Euthanized geese would be buried.”

Canada Geese breed throughout North America, except in the high Arctic and in the extreme southern parts of the United States and Mexico.

According to Environment Canada, there is no one solution to

discouraging Canada geese

from settling in an undesirable area, but timing is everything. It recommends indentifying potential nesting and rearing sites, and preparing to discourage the birds from settling as early as February.

In Canada, permits may be issued authorizing the use of a firearm as a noisemaker to disturb the geese. “The applicant must demonstrate that other techniques were tried without success.

Share your thoughts
  • Several arrests in Quebec City near duelling right-wing and anti-fascist rallies

  • Egypt raises security alert to highest level as mosque death toll climbs

  • Fake news? 'Morning Joe' hosts pretend taped show was live and most didn't notice

  • Teenager trying to enter Canada detained at border, grandmother found dead

  • The world's first politically motivated hotel: An anti-Trump stay made for liberals

  • Supreme Court appeal in child's meningitis death could be dismissed from bench

      • 'Elitists, crybabies and junky degrees': Education advocates see growing disdain for U.S. universities

      • Canadian researchers develop technique that finds unwanted animal products in beef

      • Ontario PCs vow to cut taxes, hydro rates in new platform called the 'People’s Guarantee'

      • Update to Vice story

      • Watch‘Enough already!’: Pro-Western Russian liberals say U.S. obsession with Moscow meddling makes Putin look good

      • WatchCounter-protests at Wilfrid Laurier University over freedom of speech turn — well, one man was shouting

EXCLUSIVE: Was it a 'tragic accident' or murder? A B.C. woman's family is telling their story — and so is the boyfriend accused of killing her

Patricia Kearney was found dead on a yacht in Tonga in 2016, but the cause of death remains a mystery. The U.S. has refused to extradite Dean Fletcher

Here’s what ends human civilization: The leading contenders to kill us all

Robots and asteroids are likely threats, but we'll probably be wiped out by good, old-fashioned disease

How to live forever: Here are the ways Silicon Valley plans to conquer death

Tech folks are a little antsy about the whole death thing. They're putting money behind DNA 'hacking,' organ printing and tiny robots that might kill what ails you

WatchCastro cronies in Toronto, JFK vs. Diefenbaker and paper companies: Why CIA plotted to sabotage Canada

CIA documents show at least one alleged Castro loyalist came to Toronto in 1958 to buy 10 surplus fighter jets
This Week in Flyers
Find National Post on Facebook

Isolation of Cryptococcus laurentii from Canada Goose guano in rural upstate New York

  • Authors
  • Authors and affiliations
  • Tera Filion
  • Sarah Kidd
  • Karen AguirreEmail author
  • 9 Citations


Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii are etiologic agents of cryptococcal pneumonia and meningitis, potentially lethal syndromes associated with AIDS. A related species, Cryptococcus laurentii, has recently been implicated in several cases of human disease. Guano from Canada Goose (Branta canadensis), an organism that lives closely beside man and inhabits recreational space in rural and suburban areas, might be a significant environmental reservoir of Cryptococcus organisms in non-urban areas. Cryptococcal organisms were isolated from Canada Goose guano from a site in rural northern New York, with identification based upon colony and microscopic morphology, ability to metabolize l-Dopa to melanin, and positive reaction with a commercial anti-cryptococcal capsular polysaccharide latex bead agglutination test. DNA sequences from five positive isolates were identical to each other, and identical to the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 sequences of C. laurentii strain CBS7140 (Accession AY315665) across a 511 bp sequence. All five isolates of C. laurentii possess three of the known virulence factors common to cryptococcal organisms that cause human disease: capsule, ability to grow at 37 °C, and laccase activity.


Cryptococcus neoformans Cryptococcus laurentii Canada Goose (Branta Canadensis


  1. 1.
    Casadevall, A, Perfect, JR 1998Cryptococcus neoformansASM PressWashington, DCGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mitchell, TG, Perfect, JR 2005Cryptococcosis in the era of AIDS-100 years after the discovery of Cryptococcus neoformansClin Micro Rev8515548Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tay, ST, Chai, HC, Na, SL, Hamimah, H, Rohani, MY, Soo-Hoo, TS 2005The isolation, characterization and antifungal susceptibilities of Cryptococcus neoformans from bird excreta in Klang Valley, MalaysiaMycopathologia159509513CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Prasad, KN, Agarwal, J, Nag, VL, Verma, AK, Dixit, AK, Ayyagari, A 2003Cryptococcal infection in patients with clinically diagnosed meningitis in a tertiary care centerNeurol India51364366PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pappalardo, MCSM, Melhem, MSC 2003Cryptococcosis: A review of the Brazilian experience for the diseaseRev Inst Med Trop S Paulo45299305CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cheung MC, Rachlis AR, Shumak SL. A cryptic cause of cryptococcal meningitis. CMAJ. 2003 Feb [cited 2003 Aug 22]; 168 (4):[about 5 p.]. Available from: <http://www.>Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nosanchuk, JD, Rudolph, J, Rosas, AL, Casadevall, A 1999Evidence that Cryptococcus neoformans Is Melanized in Pigeon Excreta: Implications for pathogenesisInfect Immun6754775479PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ruiz, A, Bulmer, GS 1981Particle size of airborne Cryptococcus neoformans in a towerJ Appl Environ Microbiol4112251229Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kwon-Chung KJ, Boekhout T, Fell JW, Diaz M. Proposal to conserve the name Cryptococcus gattii against C. hondurianus and C. bacillisporus (Basidiomycota, Huymenomycetes, Tremellomycedtidae). Taxon 2002; 51: 804-06Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kordossis, T, Avlami, A, Velegraski, A, Stefannotti, I, Georgakopoulos, G, Papalanbrott, C, Legakis, N 1996First report of Cryptococcus laurentii meningitis and a fatal case of Cryptococcus albidus cryptococcaemia in AIDS patientsJ Med Mycol36335339Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kunova, A, Kremery, V 1999Fungaemia due to thermophilic cryptococci: 3 cases of Cryptococcus laurentii bloodstream infections in cancer patients receiving antifungalsScand J Infect Dis31328331CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ritterband, DC, Seedor, JA, Shah, M, Sabeed, S, Schorr, I 1998A unique case of Cryptococcus laurentii keratitis spread by a rigid gas-permeable contact lens in a patient with onychomycosisCornea17115118CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kwon-Chung, KJ, Polacheck, I, Popkin, TJ 1982Melanin-lacking mutants of Cryptococcus neoformans and their virulence for miceJ Bacteriol15014141421PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Murphy, JW, Cozad, GC 1972Immunological unresponsiveness induced by cryptococcal polysaccharide assayed by the hemolytic plaque techniqueInfect Immun5896901PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hill, JO, Aguirre, KM 1994CD4+ T cell-dependent acquired state of immunity that protects the brain against Cryptococcus neoformansJ Immunol15223442350PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Missall, TA, Moran, JM, Corbett, JA, Lodge, JK 2005Distinct stress responses of two functional Laccases in Cryptococcus neoformans are revealed in the absence of thiol-specific antioxidant Tsa 1Euk Cell4202208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Vilgalys, R, Hester, M 1990Rapid genetic identification and mapping of enzymatically amplified ribosomal DNA from several Cryptococcus speciesJ Bacteriol17242384246PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Roscoe DE. A survey to estimate the prevalence of Salmonella sp., Shigella sp., Yersinia sp. Bactreia and Cryptosporidia sp., Giardia sp. protozoa in resident Canada Geese (Branta canandensis) in New Jersey, 2001. Scholar
  19. 19.
    When Geese Become a Problem. Pamphlet of NYS Dept. of Environmental Conservation, Div. of Fish, Wildlife and Marine Resources and U.S. Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, March 1999Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ikeda, R, Sugita, T, Jacobson, ES, Shinoda, T 2002Laccase and melanization in clinically important Cryptococcus species other than Cryptococcus neoformansJ Clin Microbiol4012141218CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Heidelberger, M, Bernheimer, A 1984Cross-reaction of polysaccharides of fungi, molds and yeasts in anti-pneumococcal and other antiseraPNAS USA8152475429CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dalle, F, Charles, PF, Blanc, K, Caillot, D, Chavanet, P, Dromer, F, Bornin, A 2005Cryptococcus neoformans Galactoxylomannan contains an Epitope(s) that is cross-reactive with Aspergillus GalactoyxylomannanJ Clin Microbiol4320292031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ikeda, R, Sugita, T, Shinoda, T 2000Serological relationships of Cryptococcus spp: Distribution of antigenic factors in Cryptococcus and intraspecies diversityJ Clin Microbiol3840214025PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ramani, R, Gromadzki, S, Pincus, D, Salkin, IF, Chaturvedi, V 1998Efficacy of AP120C and ID32C systems for identification of common and rare clinical yeast isolatesJ Clin Microbiol3632963308Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Reilly, A, Salkin, IF, McGinnis, MR, Gromadzki, S, Pasarell, L, Kemna, M, Higgins Salfinger, N M 1999Evaluation of mycology laboratory proficiency testingJ Clin Microbiol3722972305PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Cuenca-Estrella, M, Gomez-Lopez, A, Mellado, E, Garcia-Effron, G, Rodriguez-Tudela, JL 2004In vitro activities of Ravuconazole and four other antifungal agents against fluconazole-resistant or susceptible clinical yeast isolatesAntimicrobiol Agent4831073111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Chaturvedi, S, Dyavaiah, M, Larsen, RA, Chaturvedi, V 2005Cryptococcus gattii in AIDS patients, Southern CaliforniaEmerg Infect Dis1116861692PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Evenson, A, Lamb, JW 1964Slime flux of mesquite as a new saprophytic source of Cryptococcus neoformansJ Bacteriol88542PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Katsu, M, Kidd, S, Ando, A, Moretti-Branchini, ML, Mikami, Y, Nishimura, K, Meyer, W 2004The internal transcribed spacers and 5.8 S rRNA gene show extensive diversity among isolates of the Cryptococcus neoformans species complexFEMS Yeast Res4377388CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Lazera, MS, Pires, FD, Camillo-Coura, L, Nishikawa, MM, Bezerra, CC, Trilles, I, Wanke, B 1996Natural habitat of Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans in decaying wood forming hollows in living treesJ Med Vet Mycol34127131CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lazera, MS, Salmito Cavalcanti, MA, Londero, AT, Trilles, I, Nishikawa, MM, Wanke, B 2000Possible primary ecological niche of Cryptococcus neoformansMed Mycol38379383PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Sugita, T, Takashima, M, Ikeda, R, Nakase, T, Shinoda, T 2000Intraspecies diversity of C. laurentii, as revealed by sequences of ITS regions and 28s rRNA gene and toxonomic position of C. laurentii clinical isolatesJ Clin Microbiol5614681471Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tera Filion
    • 1
  • Sarah Kidd
    • 3
  • Karen Aguirre
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of BiologyClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyCoastal Carolina UniversityConwayUSA
  3. 3.School of Occupational and Environmental HygieneUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  4. 4.Trudeau InstituteSaranac LakeUSA

Personalised recommendations